Reprinted with permission from Percussive Notes, www.pas.org
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A percussion ensemble is a great vehicle for developing not only technique and musicianship in young percussionists, but also interest and excitement about the world of percussion. When I first started teaching, I saw young students standing in the back of the band room tired of counting rests and playing music that was not as challenging or interesting as that of their fellow band members. Apparently not much had changed since I was in middle school. The decision to start a percussion ensemble at Dickerson Middle School was mostly for motivational reasons. I wanted to get the kids excited about playing percussion and challenge them with more involved parts than they were exposed to in the concert setting. A successful percussion ensemble at the middle school and high school levels is one that generates interest and helps the students develop their craft. Although an exceptional performance is great, the goal must be to have an educational and environment as the driving force. Addressed in this article are a few of the topics that will be discussed during a clinic/performance we will be presenting at the Midwest Clinic in Chicago this December.
Since my only percussion ensemble experience was in college, I had no idea what music was appropriate for students at that level. I browsed through the Steve Weiss catalogue and picked out music with interesting titles. Once I received the music I found that most of it was either too easy, too difficult, or just not very good. The next step was to talk with other percussion ensemble directors, most notably Mike Lynch (Simpson Middle School/Lassiter High School) and Travis Downs (Valdosta Middle School), to find out what music they had used and liked. Probably the best advice I received during that time was from Alfred Watkins, band director at Lassiter High School. He told me to first teach the students how to learn by playing music that they could relate to and enjoy, then I would be able to teach them what I wanted them to learn. I started out playing more drum oriented pieces because few of the students were interested in keyboard percussion and gradually began including music with a variety of instruments. It has also been useful to collect demo CDs from various music publishers such as Row-Loff, Drop 6, and C-Alan and visiting their websites to listen to recording of their music. A final idea for finding quality literature is to attend as many percussion ensemble concerts as possible. Find out when local middle school, high school, or even college ensembles will be presenting concerts and attend the local “Day of Percussion”, state music conventions, Midwest, and PASIC. Save the programs and make notes next to the titles. Also, try to choose music that will expose the students to a variety of cultures and styles. On a typical concert, we will perform an ethnic percussion piece featuring Japanese Taiko drums and/or African percussion, a xylophone rag, a marimba chorale, orchestral transcription, novelty percussion, Latin-American music, and traditional percussion ensemble literature. This provides an interesting variety for the students and audience and a great base of knowledge and skill.
Due to the variety in instrumentation and the number of performers required to play a piece, it is often necessary to make some adjustments. In many cases the instruments required to perform a piece simply aren’t available. We have played music for Taiko drums and djembe on concert toms, string bass on an electronic keyboard, and have two large floor toms that also function as surdos. The audience never knew the difference and the students still enjoyed learning the music and some background information on the cultures. One of the more common issues is the number of players required to perform a piece of music. In most situations there are more students than there are parts. Keyboard parts are easily doubled if there are enough instruments. It may be necessary to have students playing in the wrong octave so that two can play on one keyboard. This might change the sound of the music in performance, but is educationally important for the development of the students. Latin and African music lends itself well to full ensemble playing with the large variety of accessory instruments and the community nature of the music and culture. I fit every student possible on a keyboard instrument, and then begin handing out cowbells, claves, maracas and shakers, tambourines, bongos, etc. We usually spend a 2 to 3 week period during beginning percussion in 6th grade learning basic techniques and rhythms for Latin instruments, so it is merely a matter of reminding them. Even without this prior knowledge, it is not difficult or time consuming to introduce these instruments, techniques, and patterns to the students. Latin American Percussion by Birger Sulsbruck provides excellent information and is coordinated with a video by the same name.
It is important that all of the students in the ensemble are able to read their music and count their parts out loud. If they cannot, it becomes a learning session for the entire group as we break down the rhythms or figure out the notes. Once the students are comfortable playing the notes and rhythms of their music, I begin to focus on the technique and quality of sound of the instruments, and the cohesiveness of the ensemble. Demonstrations of the correct technique or the desired sound are directed toward the entire ensemble so that it becomes a learning experience for all instead of the one student. Because the students are normally rotated to different instruments for each piece, the possibility that they will need to demonstrate that same skill later is likely. We also do a lot of singing of the music in “drum speak” once the students understand how to count their rhythms. The natural inflections of the voice are more apparent with this method, helping the students to discover musical line and direction. At times it is necessary for me to dictate via call and response how I want the music to feel and sound. The students are exposed to these various “western” and “non-western” methods of learning through percussion videos that I play during their set-up time, and are fairly receptive to trying them. Recording rehearsals (audio & video) and bringing in guest clinicians and performers will also provide a different perspective and learning experience for both the students and the director.
For more information on the percussion program at Dickerson Middle School, please visit our website at: www.dickersonpercussion.com.
Scott Brown is currently the Assistant Band Director at Dickerson Middle School in Marietta, GA and Assistant Percussion Director and co-arranger for the percussion section of the 1998 & 2002 Bands of America Grand National Champion Lassiter High School Band. In addition, Mr. Brown is co-founder of Percussion Workshop, a percussion consulting company, and co-founder and director of the North Georgia Middle School Percussion Camp. Mr. Brown is co-author of “Field Level – The Ultimate Band Director’s Guide to fielding the Ultimate Marching Percussion Section” published by Row-Loff Productions and has presented clinics for the Percussive Arts Society International Convention, The Midwest International Band & Orchestra Clinic, the Georgia Music Educator’s Association Conference, the Texas Bandmasters Association, and marching percussion clinics in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany . Scott is a graduate of Western Carolina University and alumnus of Carolina Crown Drum & Bugle Corps. Mr. Brown is a member of the Vic Firth Education Team and an artist/endorser for Mapex/Majestic/Ross Percussion, Sabian Cymbals, Row-Loff Productions, and Evans Drumheads.